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14 Effective Home Remedies for Cough [Ultimate Guide]

Coughing is normal but if persist for a longer time then it can be annoying. In such a situation, natural home remedies for cough would be effective, especially when you having difficulty sleeping.

Moreover, coughs plays a most important role in clearing infection and irritant from your lung and throat.

However, the treatment of cough depends upon underlying causes.

The most common reasons behind coughing are bacterial infections, allergies, and viral infections. Sometimes, it was found that coughing is due to Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), mild acid reflux, etc.

So, natural home remedies are quite effective in the treatment of cough due to allergies, colds and sinus infection.

Natural home remedies for cough are also preferable for those who like to avoid chemicals.

However, if the cough persists for more than a week then it is essential to seek medical advice.

Effective Home Remedies for Cough

Now, let’s look into 14 effective home remedies for cough.

Gargle with saltwater

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This is one of the easiest and effective home remedies for cough. It basically reduces the phlegm and mucus in the back of your throat.

Saltwater home remedy is generally used in the treatment of sore throat and wet cough.

In a research study, it was found that gargling prevent infections in the upper respiratory tract

Method: Stir half teaspoon of salt in a cup of warm water and gargle it. You have to repeat several times a day. It will ease your cough and make you relax.

Take Ginger tea

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Ginger has anti-inflammatory properties that can ease dry or asthmatic cough. It is also effective in relieving nausea and pain.

In a study, it was found that due to the anti-inflammatory property of ginger it can relax the membrane in the airways and thus help in reducing cough.

Method: Make ginger tea by crushing a few slices of ginger. For taste, you can add lemon and honey. You can repeat it two to three times a day. It will help in soothing your cough.

Use Honey

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Honey is very effective in the treatment of coughs and sore throat.

In a recent study, dark honey is compared with cough-suppressing medication dextromethorphan. They have given dark honey to the children who have night time coughing problem.

It was reported that dark honey is efficient and significant in relief from coughing.

Method: You can mix 2 tablespoons of honey with herbal tea or warm water. This will soothe your cough and adding lemon to it can relief you from congestion.

You can also eat a spoon of honey directly.

However, you can also use honey in a cup of warm milk for the treatment of cough. In an Italian study, it was found that if you drink two teaspoons of honey in a cup of milk then it will be as effective as medication like dextromethorphan and levodropropizine in children.

Moreover, in research, it has also been revealed that buckwheat honey and manuka honey is more effective in the treatment of a cold.

Take Probiotics

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Probiotics are microorganisms that are not directly effective or related to the treatment of cough. Instead, probiotics will boost your immune system by balancing gut bacteria.

If you have a good immune system, then it can easily fight off infection or allergies that may be the reason for the cough.

In a research study, it is revealed that one type of probiotic called Lactobacillus can be effective in the treatment of cold and cough.

You can also find probiotics supplements containing Lactobacillus in drug stores.

Because yogurt has a large number of microorganisms, you can take yogurt in your diet as a natural home remedy for cough.

It is also advisable to take unsweetened and homemade yogurt as the sugar will worsen your cough.

Use peppermint leaves or oil

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Peppermint is a well-known home remedy in the treatment of cough. It has a healing property that soothes the throat and acts as a decongestant.

Method: If you drink peppermint tea or inhale peppermint vapors, it will help in the break down of mucus.

You can also take a hot bath by adding 3 or 4 drops of peppermint essential oil in every 150 ml of hot water.

Use Marshmallow root

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Marshmallow root is a natural herb that has been used since ancient times in the treatment of cough, cold and flu. Marshmallow root contains a substance called mucilage that is found in easing the irritation resulting from coughing.

Mucilage that is present in Marshmallow root is a thick and gluey substance that coats the throat and thus relieves from coughing.

In a small study, it was revealed that herbal syrup containing marshmallow root, thyme and ivy is effective in relieving from coughs resulting from the common cold and respiratory tract infection.

Marshmallow root is also available as a dried herb or a bagged tea.

Method: You can take marshmallow root as a tea or in capsule form. It will soothe your cough and sore throat.

Use Thyme herb

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Thyme has a long history both in culinary and medicinal uses. It is very common as a natural home remedy of cough, cold, sore throat, bronchitis, and digestive issues.

In a recent study, it was revealed that thyme in cough syrup is more effective than a placebo syrup in people in the treatment of acute bronchitis. The effectiveness is found due to the presence of antioxidants in thyme.

Method: You can take cough syrup containing thyme herb or use thyme herb in a tea. Add 2 teaspoons of dried thyme in a cup of hot water. Wait for 10 minutes and then strain it.

Eat pineapples

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Pineapples contain an enzyme called Bromelain that has anti-inflammatory properties and mucolytic properties.

The presence of  Bromelain can help in the break down of mucus and remove it from your body.

It is advisable to eat pineapples as a whole than drinking juice. Because pineapples juice does not contain enough bromelain to give you relief from symptoms like a cough.

Bromelain is also available in the form of supplements that is also effective in relieving cough.

Some have reported an allergic reaction of bromelain when you take with medication. If you are under medication, try to speak with your doctor before taking bromelain supplements.

Use eucalyptus or rosemary essential oil

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Eucalyptus oil or rosemary oil is very effective in home remedies to relieve congestion.

A study conducted by National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI), found that using a cool-mist humidifier or steam vaporizer containing essential oil like eucalyptus or rosemary oil has shown a relief from chest congestion and wet cough.

Method: Take a hot shower by mixing 4-5 drops of eucalyptus oil or rosemary oil in water.

Alternatively, you can also add eucalyptus oil or rosemary oil in a steam bowl and inhale it for 5 minutes. To be more effective, cover your head with a towel which will trap the steam.

Use Slippery elm bark

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Slippery elm bark is native to Americans. It is very similar to the marshmallow root that has a high level of mucilage. Mucilage helps to soothe a sore throat and cough.

Method: You can use Slippery elm bark tea by adding 1 teaspoon of dried herb in a cup of hot water. Wait for 10 minutes before drinking.

Slippery elm is also available as supplements in the form of powder and capsule. You can buy Slippery elm bark supplements here.

If you are under medication, then slippery elm may interfere with it. Consult your doctor before taking it.

Take N-acetylcysteine (NAC) supplement

N-acetylcysteine is a supplement that contains amino acid L-cysteine. If you take on a daily basis, it may lessen the severity of wet cough by reducing mucus in the airway.

In a 13 studies report, it was found that NAC is very effective in people suffering from chronic bronchitis.

Chronic bronchitis is an inflammation in the lining of bronchial tubes that carries air to and from the lungs.

Moreover, research suggested taking 600 mg of NAC for people suffering from airway obstruction.

It is recommended to take NAC supplements under the supervision of the doctor.

Use Turmeric

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Turmeric is found to be one of the essential ingredients in treatment of cough. Turmeric is filled with antioxidants and contains a compound called curcumin.

The curcumin helps in dissolving mucus and thus relieves from chest congestion. It also has healing properties that can kill bacteria and treat wet cough.

Because of the antiviral and antibacterial properties of turmeric, it helps in fighting against infection.

In several studies conducted, it was found that due to the anti-inflammatory properties of turmeric, it modifies the immune system responses.

In a study with turmeric oil, it was found to be effective against the disorder of the respiratory tract. It is also found to be effective in removing sputum, relieving cough and preventing asthma.

Method: You can add one teaspoon of turmeric powder in warm milk and drink it. Also, drinking warm turmeric milk before sleeping has shown faster recovery from cough and cold.

Use Cinnamon

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Cinnamon was found to be a simple, safe and effective home remedy in the treatment of stubborn cough.

In ancient medieval times, doctors used cinnamon to treat cough and sore throats.

Several studies have indicated that cinnamon has anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial properties.

To be more effective, use cinnamon with honey to treat wet cough.

Method: As an effective home remedy for cough, you can make a syrup by mixing lemon, cinnamon, and honey.

Take half teaspoon of honey, a pinch of cinnamon and few drops of lemon, mix it well and have it twice a day to cure cough and cold.

Use Flaxseeds

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Flaxseeds are also used as medicine in ancient times for the treatment of cough.

A study conducted has shown the effectiveness of flaxseed in the treatment of cough and bronchitis.

When a teaspoon of flaxseeds powder is taken with a glass of hot water daily, it is found useful against bad cough and bronchitis.

Method: You can add flaxseed powder to boil water, stir it well and then add a few drops of lemon and honey to it. After mixing, consume it to get relief from cough.

Bottom line

These 14 home remedies for cough are very effective in giving relief from severe cough.

To ease the cough, you should avoid dehydration and get enough sleep. Drinking herbal tea and other beverages will give you quick relief from a bad cough.

You should also take immune-boosting supplements such as vitamin C, zinc, and probiotics.

Take effective medical treatment if the cough gets worse or affecting the ability to breathe.

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